This Day in History: Gandhi Is Assassinated

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Published on January 30, 2020 - Duration: 01:24s

This Day in History: Gandhi Is Assassinated

This Day in History: Gandhi Is Assassinated January 30, 1948 The political and spiritual leader of the Indian independence movement was assassinated in New Delhi by a Hindu fanatic.

Known as Mahatma, or โ€œthe great soul,โ€ Gandhiโ€™s methods of civil disobedience influenced leaders of civil rights movements around the world.

He organized his first campaign of satyagraha, or mass civil disobedience, in 1906 while working as a lawyer in South Africa.

Five years after returning to India, Gandhi launched a new satyagraha in 1919 in protest of Britainโ€™s mandatory military draft of Indians.

For the next two decades, he led fasts, marches, worked for India's poor and was often imprisoned.

In 1942, Gandhi launched the โ€œQuit Indiaโ€ movement, which called for a total British withdrawal from India.

On August 15, 1947, Britain agreed to create the two new independent states of India and Pakistan.

When he was killed, Gandhi was on a vigil to heal the religious strife between Hindus and Muslims in his country.


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